Knitting Pattern Abbreviations

These are the main abbreviations you will find in Mochimochi Land knitting patterns.

[ ] = Repeat actions in brackets as many times as specified
BO = Bind off
CC = Contrasting color
CO = Cast on
DPN(s) = Double-pointed needle(s)
est = Established
I-cord = [not an abbreviation, but a technique that lets you knit a skinny tube on two double-pointed needles. I recommend this >Purl Bee tutorial for this technique.]
k = Knit
k2tog = Knit 2 stitches together
k3tog = Knit 3 stitches together
kfb = Knit through front and back of one stitch (I recommend this >Knit Picks tutorial for this technique.)
m1 = Pick up the bar between 2 stitches and knit through its back loop
MC = Main color
p = Purl
p2tog = Purl 2 stitches together
pm = Place marker
rnd(s) = Round(s)
RS = Right side
sm = Slip marker
ssk = Slip 2 stitches knitwise, then insert left needle through front of both stitches and knit together
st(s) = Stitch(es)
St st = Stockinette stitch (knit on right side, purl on wrong side)
w+t = Wrap & turn (I recommend this >Purl Bee tutorial for the technique)
WS = Wrong side
yo = Yarn over

  • #1 written by Chris
    about 4 years ago

    I just bought 3 patterns and downloaded them. In the pattern for the Tiny Bee has an abbreviation not found in the pattern or this link. In the Body directions, Rnd 3 it shows [M1, k2]. What does the M1 mean? Thanks

  • #2 written by Anna
    about 4 years ago

    Oops, thanks for letting me know that one was missing! I just added it to the list:

    m1 = Pick up the bar between 2 stitches and knit through its back loop

  • #3 written by Chris
    about 4 years ago

    Thanks Anna!

  • #4 written by Joan
    about 4 years ago

    I just downloaded the tiny hatchlings pattern and the gosling includes the abbreviation w+t – which doesn’t seem to be in the abbreviations list. can you add it? (wrap and turn?)


  • #5 written by Anna
    about 4 years ago

    Thank you for letting me know, Joan! I just added the definition and a link to a tutorial that I like for the technique.

  • #6 written by Joan
    about 4 years ago

    Thanks so much for responding so quickly. I just finished the gosling and he’s very charming. The directions were very well-written and easy to follow.

  • #7 written by Rhonda Cowin
    about 3 years ago

    Just received Boo the Bat pattern an cant find abbreviation for knit 3 mds.

  • #8 written by Anna
    about 3 years ago

    Rhonda, rnds is short for rounds, so you will knit 3 rounds.

  • #9 written by chris
    about 3 years ago

    please can you tell me what i-cord is. thanks

  • #10 written by Mariette
    about 3 years ago

    Would it be possible for you to do a tutorial on the m1 stitch used in the snowman pattern? I can’t seem to get it right and always end up with a bit of a gap. :(

  • #11 written by Jacky
    about 3 years ago

    I am knitting your reversible chick and have come to an instruction to work 4 rows of I-cord. I cannot find it in the How To section. Would you please explain it to me.
    Many thanks, Jacky

  • #12 written by Sheryl
    about 1 year ago

    In the pattern Sleepy Snake & Mischievous Mouse, you refer to MC and CC for the snake. Is that main color and contrasting color?
    Thanks – can’t wait to get this started!

  • #13 written by Anna
    about 1 year ago

    Hi Sheryl, yes—that’s main color and contrasting color. Sorry those weren’t already on the list—adding them now!

  • #14 written by Bonnie
    about 9 months ago

    Hi, in general, when you slip one, do you slip as if to knit or as if to purl? Thinking of the slip 1 at beginning and end of odd rows in the Roland pattern.

  • #15 written by Rhonda
    about 8 months ago

    What does md mean in the pattern for boo bat

  • #16 written by Anna
    about 8 months ago

    Great question, Bonnie! Slip as if to purl.

  • #17 written by Anna
    about 8 months ago

    Rhonda, that should be rnd, which is Round? (I wonder if there’s a typo?) Or if it was MC, that’s main color.

  • #18 written by Jen
    about 8 months ago

    What is I-cord?
    Thank you

  • #19 written by Anna
    about 8 months ago

    I-cord is a simple way to make a skinny tube of knitting using two double-pointed needles.

    Here’s a tutorial from Purl Soho:

  • #20 written by Bonnie
    about 8 months ago

    Thanks! Working on my second Roland now. :) Love it!

  • #21 written by Johnny
    about 5 months ago

    In your snowman tutorial, you only mention knit, but the finished products are in stockinette. Are you purling between each recorded row, or is row 2 actually purled? (Sorry, new to knitting)

  • #22 written by Anna
    about 5 months ago

    Cool that you’re new to knitting, Johnny! The snowman pattern (and most of my designs) is knitted in the round, which means that no purling is required. Using double-pointed needles is the best technique for this—I have a tutorial on how to use DPNs here:

  • #23 written by Johnny
    about 5 months ago

    D: I DIDN’T KNOW YOU DIDN’T NEED TO PURL!!! That’s why my other projects were too long. Thank you for clearing that up quickly!

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